Last year, WRD took the next steps in working towards sustainable water resource use and rolled out the Land and Water Management pilots at Dy 17 and 95 of TLBC. Recognizing the need for real time information on different aspects which affect and influence the water delivery and utilization regimes, the pilot project adopted new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).
Together with the community, the project partners have installed ultrasonic sensors at the two project sites for monitoring water flows and levels, all along the water distributary system from head to the field. The temperature, wind speed, relative humidity and soil moisture sensors would provide information for crop water requirement and farmer field level activities.
Sensors can build a treasure trove of data. Good data ensures proper scheduling to avoid over watering and excessive runoff or to track transmission, water levels and accordingly develop irrigation schedules for improved water use efficiency – the sensor data can help do that. Sensors show us the unlimited potential of innovative technology in addressing water management challenges considering both the supply and the demands.
Sensors are a big deal. They help generate the near real-time data from which actionable insights can be drawn and support outcomes that go beyond it.
SENSORS INCREASE TRUST
Data from every sensor will be made available to relevant stakeholders. The data captured will be widely disseminated using various communication tools apart from getting stored in a central server. This level of access to near real-time data enables data-driven decision making by the engineers and farmers. It turns information into action, enhances accountability and builds trust among the stakeholders.
SENSORS BUILD KNOWLEDGE
Right from installing the sensors to data collection and analysis - participation of the community, water engineers and farmers is critical to the pilots. The sensor data enables these stakeholders in monitoring but also aims to build their capacity in increasing efficiency of the water distribution system at the canal and on farm level.
SENSORS ENABLE CHANGE
Sensors tell us that there are newer ways of creating impact. They tell us that change is effective if focussed on creating community, wellbeing, purpose and action. They empower people to be the agents of change to adopt, adapt and embrace the innovation to secure a sustainable future.
Advanced Centre for Integrated Water Resources Management (ACIWRM)
The ACIWRM was established by the Government of Karnataka in February 2012. ACIWRM acts as a think tank to the Government’s Water Resources Department (WRD). It is engaged in policy analysis, research, planning, capacity building and developing the knowledge base for gearing up the department up to its future vision 2030. The ACIWRM works with the various departments, civil society, the private sector, farmers and water user associations and other organizations to produce integrated advice to the WRD for managing the State’s water resources. Visit: www.aciwrm.karnataka.gov.in
Karnataka Integrated and Sustainable Water Resources Management Investment Program (KISWRMIP)
Karnataka being one of the most water-stressed State’s in India, with 61% of the State’s geographical area, the 5th highest, being drought prone in large number of years in a decade. The state has experienced severe drought conditions, consecutively for 6 years from 2011 to 2016. Government of Karnataka decided to develop Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) approach and sought the support of Asian Development Bank (ADB) through Government of India and a multi-tranche financing facility (MFF) for the Karnataka Integrated and Sustainable Water Resources Management Investment Program (KISWRMIP) was signed and made effective on 13 July 2015 for a period 2014 - 2021.
The investment program comprises three outputs: (i) Output 1: State and Basin institutions strengthened for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM); (ii) Output 2: Irrigation system infrastructure and management mobilized; and (iii) Output 3: project and management systems operational. Output 1 is being implemented by ACIWRM, while Outputs 2 and 3 are being implemented by KNNL.